Garhwa District of Jharkhand State
|Co ordinates:||24.1°N, 83.67°E|
|Area:||4,044 square kilometers|
|Total Population(Census 2011):||13,22,387|
|Climate:||Humid subtropical climate.|
|Average Elevation:||197 m (above sea level)|
The erstwhile Garhwa Subdivision of Palamau district consisting of 8 Blocks was separated from Palamau district as an independent district “Garhwa” with effect from 1st April 1991. It is situated on Southwest corner of Palamau division, which lies between 23.60° and 24.39° N Latitude and 83.22° and 84.00°E Longitude.
The district contains only one Municipal town at Garhwa head quarter. The Municipal town has a brief history. On 6th May 1924. The Garhwa Union Board was created under the village administration Act of 1922. when it become Union Board. Its board consisted of five elected and two nominated members and they worked under part-IV of the above-mentioned Act. The Union Board administered the function of Conservancy and sanitation including drainage of local area, street lighting and the prevention of public nuisance there in. On 9th August 1957 Garhwa Union Board was abolished and in its place a Notified Area Committee was established by the Government Notification no. 6991-L.S.G., dated 14th June 1957. The N.A.C. area consisted of there villages: Garhwa (Thana No.- 339), Tandawa (Thana No. 338), Sahijana (Thana No. 345), Dipawa (Thana No. 341), Nagawa (Thana No. 340). Pipara Kala (Thana No. 342), Unchari (Thana No-241) and Sonpurawa (Thana No- 242), Later on this N.A.C. got the status of Municipality.
Garhwa district is a part of Palamau Commissionery consisting of 14 blocks and two subdivisions namely Garhwa & Nagar-Untrai. At the time of creation of new district Garhwa, there were eight old blocks namely.
1. Garhwa, 2. Meral, 3. Ranka, 4. Bhandariya, 5. Majhiyaon, 6. Nagar-Untrai, 7. Bhawanathpur, and 8. Dhurki. Later on 6 new blocks were created from old blocks on administrative ground namely 1. Dandai, 2. Chiniya, 3. Kharoundhi, 4. Ramna, 5. Ramkanda and 6. Kandi. Later on 5 new blocks were created from old 14 blocks on administrative ground namely 1. Danda, 2. Ketar, 3. Bishunpura, 4. Bardiha and 5. Sagma
So presently there are 20 blocks in Garhwa district. There are 203 Gram Panchayats. 897 inhabited villages and 62 un-habited (Bechiragi) villages in this district. This district has two police sub-division named Garhwa and Nagar-Untrai. With eight police stations i.e.1. Garhwa 2. Meral 3. Ranka 4. Bhandariya 5. Majhiyaon 6. Nagar-Untrai 7. Bhawanathpur and 8. Dhurki.
According to the 2011 census, Garhwa district has a population of 1,322,387. This gives it a ranking of 368th in India, out of a total of 640. The district has a population density of 323 inhabitants per square kilometer (850/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.71%. Garhwa has a sex ratio of 935 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 60%.
|District Total Population||1322784|
|District Head Quarter||Garhwa|
|District Administrative Division||Palamu division|
|Lok sabha constituencies||Palamau (shared with Palamu district)|
|District STD Code||06561|
|Vehicle Registration Code||JH14|
|Govt. Official Website||http://www.Garhwa.nic.in|