Gumla District of Jharkhand State
|Co ordinates:||23°N 84.50°E.|
|Area:||5,327 square kilometers|
|Total Population(Census 2011):||1,025,656|
|Climate:||Gumla has a sub-tropical climate|
|Average Elevation:||762 meters above from see level (PAT areas)|
Gumla During the British rule Gumla was part of Lohardaga district and later it was brought under Bishunpur province that was further name Ranchi. Gumla was parts of Ranchi district when Ranchi came into existence in 1899. Gumla created as sub division under Ranchi District in 1902. Gumla district was formed by carving out from Ranchi district in 18th May 1983. The district name Gumla was derived from the words GAW and MELA. It was believed that centuries ago this place is used as meeting center for people from the hinterland, who flocked here to exchange goods using the barter system, and the place was called GAW – MELA, GAW and MELA are two words in Hindi that means Cow (Cows and Other cattle) and Fair (Mela: where people gathered) word and later it became Gumla.
Gumla district is surround by dense forest, hills and rivers and situated in southwest part of Jharkhand state. There are three major rivers, which flow through the Gumla district viz. the South Koel, the North Koel and the Sankh. There are various streams/ tributaries to the main rivers on which there are some picturesque waterfalls, as for example Sadni Falls. Gumla has a rich tribal culture and is colorful with the shades of nature. “Chhotanagpur ki raani”, a hill station is located in this district. The majority of people (about 80%) speak Nagpuri, but Hindi is used for communicating with non-tribal people. The district is empowered by several beautiful tourist placed.
Gumla town is the administrative headquarter of the Gumla district. Gumla district consists of 12 Blocks. The following are the list of the Blocks in Gumla district
|Gumla||Paramveer Albert Ekka||5||51|
According to the 2011 census Gumla district has a population of 10,25,213. This gives it a ranking of 439th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 191 inhabitants per square kilometer. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.21%. Gumla has a sex ratio of 993 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 66.92%.
|District Total Population||1025213|
|District Head Quarter||Gumla|
|District Administrative Division||South Chotanagpur division|
|Lok sabha constituencies||Lohardaga (shared with Lohardaga district)|
|District STD Code||06524|
|Vehical Registration Code||JH07|
|Govt. Official Website||http://www.Gumla.nic.in|