|Co ordinates:||24.00°N 85.15°E.|
|Area:||4,313 square kilometers|
|Total Population(Census 2011):||17,34,495|
|Climate:||Humid subtropical climate.|
|Average Elevation:||610 mt|
Hazaribagh district is named after its headquarters, the town of Hazaribagh. The name, Hazaribagh consists of two urdu words, hazar meaning “one thousand”, and bagh meaning “garden” – so, the literal meaning of Hazaribagh is ‘a city of one thousand gardens’. Hazaribagh is situated in the north east part of North Chhotanagpur Division. The district is part of the chhotanagpur plateau and this area is full of several plateau, mauntains and valleys. There are three natural division of the district. They are Medium Plateau, Lower Plateau and Damodar Valley. Hazaribagh town is headquartering of the district which is a part of Medium Plateau and situated at the height of 2000ft from the sea level. Rest of the part is surrounded by the lower plateau. Its height is about 1300 ft from the sea level. The district Koderm, Chatra and Giridih have carved out the Hazaribagh district. The district is surrounded by Gaya and Koderma in the north, Giridih and Bokaro in the east, Ranchi in the south and Palamu and Chatra in the west.
As Jharkhand is know from the ancient time. It is believed that at the time of Mahabharata, King Jarasandh of Magadh Region ruled this area. Later on King Mahapadmanand Ugrasen defeated Jarasandh and occupied this area. After the end of the ‘Gupta’ dynasty in 5th A.D. a State named Chotanagpur was established. King Phanimukta was its first ruler. At the time of Mughal Empire, King Akbar sent a troop under the leadership of Shahbaj Khan to defeat the local ruler of this region. This district also played a leading role in Freedom Movement. In 1857 Ramgarh Battalion revolted against the English rule. The Non Co-Operation Movement of 1920 moved the sentiments of local people tremendously. Mahatma Gandhi also visited this area in 1925. Now this area is the Native Place of Tribal Peoples.
There are several ores and minerals in the naturally rich and beautiful district of Hazaribagh. Mica and Coal are the main minerals. These minerals are very important from industrial point of view. China clay and limestone are also found in this district. Due to mountains, forests, hills, rivers and valleys etc. the communication by road and rails are tedious and tiresome in this district. Much time is consumed for the travel. People of this area live in fear and terror due to extremist activities. Administration is trying its best to cope with this problem.
Hazaribagh district has its headquarter at Hazaribag town, which lends its name to the District. The District consists of 2 Sub-Divisions, 16 Blocks and 16 Anchals. The district is divided into two sub-divisions: Hazaribagh and Barhi. Hazaribagh sub-division comprises 11 blocks. Sadar, Hazaribagh, Katkamsandi, Bishnugarh, Barkagaon, Keredari, Ichak, Churchu, Daru, Tati Jhariya, Katkamdag and Dadi. Barhi sub-division comprises 5 blocks: Padma, Barhi, Chauparan, Barkatha and Chalkusha. There are 5 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Barkatha, Barhi, Barkagaon, Mandu and Hazaribagh. All of these are part of Hazaribagh Lok Sabha constituency.
According to the 2011 census Hazaribagh district has a population of 17,34,495. This gives it a ranking of 279th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 488 inhabitants per square kilometer. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21%. Hazaribagh has a sex ratio of 947 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.48%
|District Total Population||1734495|
|District Head Quarter||Hazaribagh|
|District Administrative Division||North Chotanagpur division|
|Lok sabha constituencies||Hazaribagh (shared with Ramgarh district)|
|District STD Code||06546|
|Vehicle Registration Code||JH02|
|Govt. Official Website||http://www.Hazaribag.nic.in|