Jharkhand

A short introduction

Literally the meaning of Jharkhand is ‘Land of Bushes’. According to Bukaanan, from Kashi to Veerbhum whole plateau was called “Jharkhand”. Jharkhand word was first time being used for Tribal areas in 13th Century Indian copper plate inscriptions. Jharkhand existed on 15th November 2000 but the consideration of discreet state was put on 1938 by World famous Hockey player Jaipal Singh in tribal assembly. Jharkhand was formed as 28th State of India. For the constitution of Jharkhand State Bihar reorganization bill was acknowledged by Lokshabha on 2nd August 2000 and Rajyasabha on 11th August 2000. Current president Mr. K.R. Narayanan confers acknowledgment on the act on 25th August 2000. The capital of state is Ranchi and Dumka is sub-capital. First Chief Minister of Jharkhand state was Mr. Babu Lal Marandi (15th Nov 2000 to 17th March 2003) and first Governor of the state was Mr. Prabhat Kumar (15th Nov 2000 to 3rd Feb 2002). First high Court Judge of the state was Mr. Vinod Kumar Gupta (15th Nov 2000 to 4th March 2003).

Administration

Districts & Divisions

Jharkhand state has 24 districts, are presently grouped in to 5 divisions. These divisons are listed below:

  • Palamu division – 3 Districts: Palamu, Garhwa, Latehar – Headquarters: Medininagar
  • North Chotanagpur division – 7 Districts: Chatra, Hazaribagh, Koderma, Giridih, Ramgarh, Bokaro, Dhanbad – Headquarters: Hazaribagh
  • South Chotanagpur division – 5 Districts: Lohardaga, Gumla, Simdega, Ranchi, Khunti – Headquarters: Ranchi
  • Kolhan division – 3 Districts: West Singhbhum, Saraikela Kharsawan, East Singhbhum – Headquarters: Chaibasa
  • Santhal Pargana division – 6 Districts: Jamtara, Deoghar, Dumka, Pakur, Godda, Sahebganj – Headquarters: Dumka

Numbers in Jharkhand Administration

Descriptions Numbers
Total Area 79714 Km2
Coordinates Latitude: 23.610181 | Longitude: 85.279935
Total Village Area 77876 Km2
Total Urban Area 1838 Km2
Villages 32615
Zilla Parishad (District Councils) 24
Members of Zilla Parishad (District Councils) 326
Divisions 5
Largest Division is South Chotanagpur Area 31706 Km2
Smallest Division is Palamu Area 12749 Km2
Sub-divisions 35
Block 260
Jharkhand High Court Ranchi – 21st High Court of India
Total Count of MLA(Vidhan Sabh Sadasya- Member of Legislative Assembly) 82 – (ST-28, SC-8, Nominated-1)
Total Count of Lokshabha seats(House of the People) 14(ST-6, SC-2)
Total Count of Rasjyashabha Member(Council of States) 6

 

Population of Jharkhand

Details as per latest 2011 India census

Perticular Descriptions
Jharkhand Population 3,29,66,238
Males 1,69,31,688
Females 1,60,34,550
Population Growth Rate 22.34%
Sex Ratio 947 Females per 1000 Males
Population Density 414/Km2
Literacy 1,87,53,660[Male: 1,11,68,649, Female:75,85,011]
Literacy Rate 67.63% [Male: 78.45% and Female: 56.21%]

 

Jharkhand State Population Details (All Districts)
Jharkhand_population

District Population Density Sex Ratio Literacy Rate Literate Females
Ranchi 29,12,011 557 950 77.13 8,26,189
Khunti 5,30,299 215 994 64.51 1,19,834
Dhanbad 26,82,662 1284 908 75.71 7,07,254
Hazaribagh 17,34,005 403 946 70.48 4,17,136
Ramgarh 9,49,159 684 921 73.92 2,46,466
Palamu 19,36,319 381 929 65.50 4,02,857
Latehar 7,25,673 200 964 61.23 1,40,976
West-Singhbhum 15,01,619 209 1004 59.54 6,51,173
Saraikela 10,63,458 390 958 68.81 2,47,661
East Singhbhum 22,91,032 648 949 68.81 6,51,173
Giridih 24,91,032 497 943 69.12 4,69,739
Bokaro 20,61,918 716 916 73.48 5,14,432
Dumka 13,21,096 300 974 62.54 2,66,134
Jamtara 7,90,207 439 959 63.73 1,68,052
Gumla 10,25,656 193 993 66.92 2,37,925
Simdega 5,99,813 160 1000 67.59 1,51,492
Deoghar 14,91,879 602 921 66.34 3,03,701
Godda 13,11,382 622 933 57.68 2,28,307
Garhwa 13,22,387 327 933 62.18 2,48,315
Sahebganj 11,50,038 719 948 53.73 1,95,960
Chatra 10,42,304 275 951 62.14 2,06,159
Pakur 8,99,200 498 985 50.17 1,45,892
Koderma 7,17,169 427 949 68.35 1,51,469
Lohardaga 4,61,738 310 985 68.29 1,10,139

Jharkhand Census 2011

  • According to census 2011 Jharkhand population growth rate is 22.3% and decreased by 1% from previous census.
  • Highest population growth rate is recorded in Koderma district which is 32.6%. Lowest is recorded in Dhanbad which is 11.91%.
  • Ranchi is the highest population district of Jharkhand state. 8.1% of total population of the state is live in Ranchi.

Jharkhand literacy rate is increased

  • According to census 2011 literacy rate of Jharkhand state is grown by 14%. It was 54 % in 2001 and now it grown up to 68%.
  • Ranchi holds the no.1 position in state with highest literacy rate 77%. Pakur is lowest with 50.17% like previous census 2001.
  • Males literacy rate is grown by 11%. It reached up to 78% from 67% and Females took the better position in literacy rate. It was grown up to 56% from 16%. Female literacy rate in Ranchi is on the top then other districts.

Count of daughters have grown

Daughters population is grown in Jharkhand.

  • According to 2001 census it was 941 femals/1000 males but now it grown up to 947 females/1000 males
  • In Chaibasa it is 1004 femals/1000 males and hold the top position.
  • In Simdega it is 1000 femals/1000 males.

Child ratio is dropped

  • According to 2011 census Child ratio is dropped. It was 966/1000 males but now it dropped down to 943/1000 males.

First in Jharkhand State

Descriptions Individuals
Governor Prabhat Kumar
Chief Minister Babu Lal Marandi
Chief Justice Binod Kumar Gupta
President of Legislative Assembly Inder Singh Namdhari
Female cabinet Minister Joba Manjhee
Archived Ashoka Chakra Late Randheer Verma
Archive Best MLA Dr. Vishveshwar Khan
President of First State Female Commission Lakshmi Singh
Protem Speaker Dr. Vishveshwar Khan
First Female chief Justice Gyan Shudha Mishra
First Lokayukta Lakshman Uranv

 

Tribes Landscape

Jharkhand state is inhabitant of 32 mejor Tribes and divided in to below segments:

  • Hunter-gatherer type — Birhor, Korwa, Hill Kharia
  • Shifting Agriculture — Sauria Paharia
  • Simple artisans — Mahli, Lohra, Karmali, Chik Baraik
  • Settled agriculturists — Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Ho, Bhumij etc.

Jharkhand Major Tribes with their inhabitant and minority status

 

Tribes Name Inhabitants Majority/Minority
Asur Minority
Baiga
Banjaaraa
Bathuri
Bediya Singhbhum
Bhoomij Ranchi
Bijhiya
Birhor Minority
Birjiyaa Minority
Chero Palamu
Chik Badaeek Ranchi Minority
Gond Singhbhum
Goraait
Ho Singhbhum
Kabar
Karmalee Minority
Khariya Gumla Minority
Kharwar Palamu
Khond Hill Khariya
Kisan
Kole
Kora Santhal Pargana
Korba Palamu Minority
Loharaa Minority
Maal Paharia Santhal Pargana Minority
Mahali Ranchi Minority
Munda Ranchi
Parhiyaa Palamu Minority
Saawar Minority
Santhal Santhal Pargana
Sauriya Paharia Santhal Pargana Minority
Uranv Ranchi

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