Lohardaga District of Jharkhand State
|Co ordinates:||23°26′N 84°41′E|
|Area:||1,490.80 square kilometers|
|Total Population(Census 2011):||4,61,790|
|Climate:||Humid subtropical climate.|
|Average Elevation:||647 meters. Above see level|
Lohardaga district came in to exist in 1983 when Ranchi district is split into three parts named Ranchi, Lohardaga and Gumla. The district name after its town Lohardaga and currently it is headquartering of the district. Way back in 1972 Lohardaga was declared as sub division of Ranchi district. According to Jain religion it was believed that Lord Mahavir visited to ‘Lore – a – Yadaga’ which means ‘Revers of Tears’ in Mundari. ‘Ain-e-Akabri’ the famous book on Akbar, also mentioned a place called ‘Kismate Lohardaga’.The word Lohardaga may be made of two hindi words, Lohar meaning ‘ironmonger’, and Daga meaning ‘center’, which makes the literal meaning of Lohardaga as ‘center of iron mining’.
Geologically the area in comprised with Archean Granites and Gneisses. In the uplands considerable thickness of late-rite of Pleistocene age is found in the Granite and Gneisses tracts. Alluvium of recent to sub-recent age is found in the river valleys. The most important mineral of the district is bauxite and this is the reason that Lahardaga is also known as Bauxite City. Other minerals which are found in the district are feldspar, fire clay and china clay and have less economic importance. The major part of the district is covered with Golden Alluvium, Red and Sandy and Red and Gravelly soils. Late-rite and Red and Yellow soils are also found elsewhere in the district.
The beautiful of the district is its healthy and pleasant clime throughout the year. The annual average temperature is 23° centigrade and district received the annual rainfall of 1000-1200mm. The district main Rivers are South Koel, Sankh, Nandni, Chaupat’s and Fulijhar etc but these rivers are dependent of rain which goes dried in summer months. The district is covered by the forest and several small hills. The general slop of the surface is from West to East. The rainfall also increases from West to East.
Lohardaga comprises of seven blocks. They are Lohardaga, Kuru, Bhandra,Kairo, Kisko, Peshrar and Senha which contains 353 villages spread over in 66 Gram Panchayats.
According to the 2011 census Lohardaga district has a population of 4,61,790. This gives it a ranking of 549th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 307 inhabitants per square kilometer. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.67%. Lohardaga has a sex ratio of 985 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 68.29%.
|District Total Population||461790|
|District Head Quarter||Lohardaga|
|District Administrative Division||South Chotanagpur division|
|Lok sabha constituencies||Lohardaga (shared with Gumla district)|
|District STD Code||06526|
|Vehical Registration Code||JH08|
|Govt. Official Website||http://www.Lohardaga.nic.in|