Pakur District of Jharkhand State
|Co ordinates:||24°37′48″N 87°51′00″E|
|Area:||686.21 square kilometers|
|Total Population(Census 2011):||900422|
|Climate:||Humid subtropical climate.|
|Average Elevation:||Not Available|
Pakur is one of the oldest district of Jharkhand State. This district is situated at north-eastern corner of the state and bounded on the north by Sahebganj district, on the south by Dumka district, on the west by Godda district, and on the east by the Murshidabad district of West Bengal. Pakur town is headquartering of the district.
Pakur at the binging had been surrounded by dense forest and having a cluster of ponds, orchards and hard rocks under the range of Rajmahal Hills. It had previously been Raj in its new dimension under the British rule. The British had also been the centre of revolutionary activities the repercussions of which might be seen in the Santhal hul of 1855. There is evidence of area having been inhabited since very early times. Among the early settlers of their territory of whom there is any record, are the Maler (Sauria Paharias) who still inhabit some areas of Rajmahal hills and its adjoining hilly tracts. They have been identified with “Malli” period of Chandragupta Maurya. According to him the Malli were a race holding the country between the people of Magadh and the people of Lower Bengal. A reference has also been found in the travel account of Hiuen Tsiang, the Chinese pilgrim, who visited India about 645 AD. From the record of his travels it is learnt that he visited the kingdom of champa the northern boundary of which extended along the Ganges from Lakhisari to Rajmahal hills while the Southern boundary passed through desert wilds in which were wild elephants and savage beasts that roamed in herds. To the east of Champa lay the kingdom of Kie-ching kielo, which according to General Cunningham was the tract of the country included in the present Santhal Pargana.
Traditionally, Pakur has been the land of Santhals and Mal Paharia Adivasi Peoples. , over a period of time, demographic composition has gradually changed and the local folks have come to the mainstream of the Indian society .These days Pakur is famous for its Black stone across the world. It supplies nearly 500 Truck Stone chips daily to Bangladesh. It is generating the highest revenue for Howrah railway Division by supplying Black Stone Chips across India and Coal to Punjab.
Pakur district consists of six blocks:
According to the 2011 census Pakur district has a population of 900422. This gives it a ranking of 465th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 497 inhabitants per square kilometer. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.15%. Pakur has a sex ratio of 989 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 49.17%. Bengali is the principal language spoken in Pakur district.
|District Total Population||900422|
|District Head Quarter||Pakur|
|District Administrative Division||Santhal Pargana division|
|Lok sabha constituencies||Rajmahal (shared with Sahebganj district)|
|District STD Code||06435|
|Vehicle Registration Code||JH16|
|Govt. Official Website||http://www.Pakur.nic.in|