Ranchi District and Capital of Jharkhand State
|Co ordinates:||23.36°N 85.33°E Near of the Tropic of the Cancer|
|Area:||175.12 square kilometers|
|Total Population(Census 2011):||1,120,374|
|Climate:||Humid subtropical climate|
|Average Elevation:||651 m above sea level|
The land of water falls Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand state. Ranchi also was the center of the movements that call for a separate the state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, Northern Odisa, Western West Bengal and the eastern area of what is present day chhattisgarh. On the day of 15th November 2000 Jharkhand state was formed by carving out the Bihar divisions of Chhotanagpur and Santhal Parganas.
Earlier the name of Ranchi district was Lohardaga. The old district had come into existence after the creation of the non-regulation south west frontier as the result of the Kol-rising in 1831-32. The name of the district was changed in 1899 from Lohardaga to Ranchi after the name of a small village. The name Ranchi was derived from the previous name if the Oraon village at the same site “Archi”. Archi derived from the Oraon word for bamboo grove or stave. According the legend after an altercation with a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit with hos bamboo stave. The Spirit shouted “Archi”, “Archi”, “Archi” and disappeared. Archi became Rachi and letter became Ranchi.
Ranchi, Capital of Jharkhand is divided into Ranchi and Bundu subdivisions and each subdivision is further divided into blocks, panchayats and villages.It consists of 18 blocks and 305 panchayats. Under Ranchi Sub Division,there are 14 blocks and Bundu SubDivision consists of 4 blocks.
As per latest 2011 India census, Ranchi municipal corporation has a population of 1,120,374, making it the 46th largest urban city in India. Males constitute 51.3% of the population and females 48.7%.Ranchi city has an average literacy rate of 87.68% (census 2011).
The city witnessed a sudden surge in population after the declaration of the new state of Jharkhand in 2000. Owing to the rising employment opportunities and opening of numerous regional and state level offices, banks, and FMCG companies, the city witnessed a rapid influx of employment seeking migrants. As per a study done by ASSOCHAM in late 2010, Ranchi was one of the highest employment generating Tier-III city in India with a share of 16.8%, followed by Bangalore and Mysore.
|District Total Population||2914253|
|District Head Quarter||Ranchi|
|District Administrative Division||South Chotanagpur division|
|Lok sabha constituencies||Lohardaga, Khunti district|
|District STD Code||0651|
|Vehical Registration Code||JH01|
|Govt. Official Website||http://www.Ranchi.nic.in|