Ranchi

Ranchi

Ranchi District and Capital of Jharkhand State

Gumla
Gumla District of Jharkhand State



 



Co ordinates:
23°N 84.50°E.


Area:
5,327 square kilometers


Total Population(Census 2011):
1,025,656


Climate:
Gumla has a sub-tropical climate


Average
Lohardaga
Lohardaga District of Jharkhand State



 



Co ordinates:
23°26′N 84°41′E


Area:
1,490.80 square kilometers


Total Population(Census 2011):
4,61,790


Climate:
Humid subtropical
Ranchi
Ranchi District and Capital of Jharkhand State



 



Co ordinates:
23.36°N 85.33°E Near of the Tropic of the Cancer


Area:
175.12 square kilometers


Total Population(Census 2011):
1,120,374


Climate:
Humid
Simdega
Simdega District of Jharkhand State.



 



Co ordinates:
23°57′36″N 86°48′00″E


Area:
square kilometers


Total Population(Census 2011):
 599578


Climate:
Humid subtropical climate.


Average
Khunti
Khunti District of Jharkhand State



 



Co ordinates:
23°04′12″N 85°16′48″E


Area:
2,611 square kilometers


Total Population(Cencus 2011):
531,885


Climate:
Humid subtropical climate.


Average

 

Co ordinates: 23.36°N 85.33°E Near of the Tropic of the Cancer
Area: 175.12 square kilometers
Total Population(Census 2011): 1,120,374
Climate: Humid subtropical climate
Average Elevation: 651 m above sea level

The land of water falls Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand state. Ranchi also was the center of the movements that call for a separate the state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, Northern Odisa, Western West Bengal and the eastern area of what is present day chhattisgarh. On the day of 15th November 2000 Jharkhand state was formed by carving out the Bihar divisions of Chhotanagpur and Santhal Parganas.

History

Earlier the name of Ranchi district was Lohardaga. The old district had come into existence after the creation of the non-regulation south west frontier as the result of the Kol-rising in 1831-32. The name of the district was changed in 1899 from Lohardaga to Ranchi after the name of a small village. The name Ranchi was derived from the previous name if the Oraon village at the same site “Archi”. Archi derived from the Oraon word for bamboo grove or stave. According the legend after an altercation with a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit with hos bamboo stave. The Spirit shouted “Archi”, “Archi”, “Archi” and disappeared. Archi became Rachi and letter became Ranchi.

Ranchi Administration

Ranchi, Capital of Jharkhand is divided into Ranchi and Bundu subdivisions and each subdivision is further divided into blocks, panchayats and villages.It consists of 18 blocks and 305 panchayats. Under Ranchi Sub Division,there are 14 blocks and Bundu SubDivision consists of 4 blocks.

District Sub Division Block Panchayat Village
Inhabited Unhabitated Total
Ranchi Ranchi Kanke 32 102 00 102
Ranchi Ranchi Ratu 20 38 00 38
Ranchi Ranchi Chanho 17 67 00 67
Ranchi Ranchi Mandar 19 69 00 69
Ranchi Ranchi Lapung 11 78 01 79
Ranchi Ranchi Burmu 14 77 00 77
Ranchi Ranchi Bero 17 84 00 84
Ranchi Ranchi Namkum 23 104 05 109
Ranchi Ranchi Ormanjhi 18 87 03 90
Ranchi Ranchi Angara 21 83 00 83
Ranchi Ranchi Silli 20 97 02 99
Ranchi Ranchi Khelari 14 21 0 21
Ranchi Ranchi Nagri 13 43 1 44
Ranchi Ranchi Itki 09 30 0 30
Ranchi Bundu Rahe 09 58 0 58
Ranchi Bundu Bundu 11 87 1 88
Ranchi Bundu Sonahatu 14 64 00 64
Ranchi Bundu Tamar 23 126 01 127

 

Population

As per latest 2011 India census, Ranchi municipal corporation has a population of 1,120,374, making it the 46th largest urban city in India. Males constitute 51.3% of the population and females 48.7%.Ranchi city has an average literacy rate of 87.68% (census 2011).

The city witnessed a sudden surge in population after the declaration of the new state of Jharkhand in 2000. Owing to the rising employment opportunities and opening of numerous regional and state level offices, banks, and FMCG companies, the city witnessed a rapid influx of employment seeking migrants. As per a study done by ASSOCHAM in late 2010, Ranchi was one of the highest employment generating Tier-III city in India with a share of 16.8%, followed by Bangalore and Mysore.

District Total Population 2914253
Population Density 572
Population Increment 24%
Population Literacy 76%
Population Sex_ratio 949

 

Important Details

District Head Quarter Ranchi
District Administrative Division South Chotanagpur division
Lok sabha constituencies Lohardaga, Khunti district
Assembly seats
District STD Code 0651
Vehical Registration Code JH01
Govt. Official Website http://www.Ranchi.nic.in

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